According to Alzheimer’s Disease International, someone in the world develops dementia every 3 seconds. Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia often seen in older adults involving memory loss and confusion. It is a neurodegenerative disease, whereby memory loss worsens over time.
The disease is named after Alois Alzheimer, a German neurologist who first described it during his examination of a 51-year-old woman named Auguste Deter between 1901 and her passing away in 1906. She suffered memory loss, language problems and had a series of unpredictable behaviour. After her death, Dr. Alois carried out an autopsy on Auguste and found many abnormal clumps (amyloid plaques) and tangled bundles of fibers (tangles). The abnormal deposits of proteins form clumps and tangles throughout the brains. This in turn affects the functionality of the neurons and affects the person’s lifestyle.
What causes Alzheimer's disease?
There is no one cause for Alzheimer’s disease. Having a family history of Alzheimer’s can be a risk factor. Apart from hereditary, individuals with a history of stroke, diabetes or heart disease are more at risk of having Alzheimer’s. Obesity and smoking are other risk factors than can contribute.
Watch the video below to get a comprehensive understanding of Alzheimer’s disease.